The basis of Jixel: standards
CAP (Common Alerting Protocol) is the first standard drawn up by OASIS, focused on the problems of emergency messages exchange. CAP is based on a flexible XML data format that provides compatibility with every information system and public emergency systems, including those designated for multilingual societies, or for people of special needs. It includes geospatial elements to allow an easy location of the emergency. Moreover, CAP allows to associate images and audio files to the message, and supports mechanisms to ensure the authenticity, integrity and confidentiality (if required) of the messages.
The EDXL (Emergency Data Exchange Language) is a suite of XML-based messaging standards, developed by OASIS, which facilitates emergency information sharing between emergency Services and emergency-related organisations. The usable components of EDXL are EDXL-DE (Distribution Element), EDXL-RM (Resource Messaging), EDXL-HAVE (Hospital Availability Exchange), EDXL-SitRep (Situation Reporting) and EDXL-TEP (Tracking of Emergency Patients). CAP is also considered among the EDXL-family standards, even if it has been released earlier than the other components.
The Italian Decrees
With the Italian Decree of 17 June 2008 the Ministry of the Interior – Department of Firefighters, Public Rescue and Civil Defense – (CNVVF), designated CAP as national standard for data exchange between the Fire Brigades control rooms and those of other emergency services.
With the Italian Decree of 23 May 2011, CNVVF established the full adoption of the CAP Protocol and the ‘CNVVF CAP Profile’, together with models and mechanisms for a full messages exchange with any other organisation, suggesting the use of ATOM-compliant feeds.
JIXEL is compliant with the 2011 Italian Decree both for the adoption of the ‘CNVVF CAP Profile’ and for the use of Atom-compliant feeds for data transmission.
MAIT (Multi-Agency Incident data Transfer) is an open, common scheme which grew out of DEIT (Direct Electronic Incident Transfer), and has been suggested and developed by B-APCO (British Association of Public Safety Communications Officers) as a solution to the Cabinet Office Standards Challenge on the issue of exchanging incidents between agency control rooms. The driver is to deliver quick, reliable information exchange between control rooms and call handling centres, saving time and providing a clear understanding of the assistance required to resolve an incident.
JIXEL is MAIT-compliant.
EENA (European Emergency Number Association) released the first public version of Next Generation 112 architecture with the document “Long Term Definition (NG112 LTD)”. The aim of NG112 is to allow an efficient exploitation of the potentialities provided by IP-based connections for the data management during emergency situations, guaranteeing at the same time a complete interoperability of the systems.
JIXEL is fully compliant to this architecture.
eCall is the European initiative for the sending of automatic emergency messages from vehicles that are involved in incidents or danger situations to 112 PSAPs or emergency services provided from Third Parties (TPSP). The system is based on the sending of codified messages (MSD – Minimum Set of Data) under the EN-15722 standard and on the data exchange between TPSPs and control rooms through the EN-16102 standard.
JIXEL is capable of managing the messages in both formats, guaranteeing an effective sharing of the warnings.
With the Technical Report TR 22351:2015, ISO (International Organization for Standardization) has defined a message structure of data exchange between organization involved in emergency management called EMSI (Emergency Management Shared Information). The standard allows to structure the information using a set of codes that ease a common understanding and the operational management.
JIXEL uses EMSI together with CAP protocol.
ATOM (Atom Syndication Format) is a XML-format for the distribution of and subscription to web content via feed. It is based on previous experience of RSS format, and it was created to fill the gaps that RSS left opne. created to fill the gaps that RSS left open. The widely-used feeds that allow to stay updated on news or comments on selected websites, without having to actually go to the website are one of the main application of ATOM. ATOM defines a structure suitable to contain a set of news, each one formed of several fields. When ATOM-format news is published, the structure is updated with the new data; since the format is pre-defined, any ATOM reader can show homogeneously news from different sources.
JIXEL adopts ATOM Feed of MAIT, CAP and EDXL messages.
The WMS (Web Map Service) is a standard protocol, developed by the OGC (Open Geospatial Consortium) and related to georeferenced map images generated using GIS. The Open Geospatial Consortium is an international non-profit organisation that developes and encourages the implementation of open standards for services related to the geospatial field. The WMS usually provide an image file of the map without vector graphics; however, they can be included. The WMS has become an ISO standard in 2005 (ISO19128:2005). JIXEL, and all its components, have been developed in compliance with the WMS services.
The WFS (Web Feature Service Interface Standard) is a standard protocol that provides an interface for geographical features requests from the web. It has been defined by the OGC (Open Geospatial Consortium). It allows the users to edit geographical-related features, since it includes vector graphics. The WFS has become an ISO standard in 2010 (ISO 19142:2010). JIXEL, and all its components, have been developed in compliance with the WFS services.